Site Development Basics

Each municipality will have unique challenges and opportunities in developing a composting site.  A compost site must provide sufficient area and conditions for all-weather composting while limiting environmental risk, odor, and noise. Site development involves creating a plan for finding an acceptable location, adapting the composting method to the site (or vice versa), providing sufficient land area for operations, and implementing surface runoff and pollution control measures as needed. These are some of the factors that should be used in evaluating potential sites:

  • Transportation Impacts – transportation distance, traffic concerns, air quality, accessibility, proximity to feedstocks
  • Neighborhood Impacts – air quality (odors), noise, visual impacts
  • Environmental and Regulatory Impacts – ground and surface water quality, air quality, noise levels, cultural/community resources
  • Site Costs – acquisition costs, nearby population and housing concerns, on-site and off-site development costs (access roads, retention ponds, earth berms, etc), utilities and service upgrades
  • Multi-use Potential – co-located at permitted landfill or waste water treatment facility
  • Size and Shape Factors – tons per year (TPY) to be processed, conducive to on-site vehicle flow
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