Site Planning

  • Factors to consider in evaluating potential sites
    Each municipality will have unique challenges and opportunities in developing a composting site. Here are some of the factors that should be used in evaluating potential sites: Transportation Impacts – transportation distance, traffic concerns, air quality, accessibility, proximity to feedstocks Neighborhood Impacts – air quality (odors), noise, visual impacts Environmental…
  • Site suitability
    If a site has one or more of the following issues, it may not be a suitable site: Previous failure of site (odor complaints, regulatory non-compliance, fire) Neighborhood concerns/political challenges about noise, traffic, odors, proximity Incorrectly zoned Located in a floodplain No access to water Inadequate access roads Unbuildable soils…
  • Determining tons per year (TPY) capacity of potential sites
    A critical component in developing a facility is understanding how many tons per year (TPY) will need to be processed. This number is found from conducting waste audits and waste composition studies. With that number in hand, the following variables will be helpful in determining a site’s capacity: Parcel size…
  • Site design objectives
    Once an appropriate site has been selected, the following objectives should be prioritized when designing the site: Minimize the amount of material handling, traffic equipment crossing paths and vehicle bottlenecks Ensure separate areas for clean and contaminated materials – clean materials should be sited uphill of new feedstocks/unfinished materials to…
  • Create a water management plan
    Rainfall (on-site and run-on), stormwater (from structures and feedstock contact) and process water (leachate, wash water) must all be managed both as a resource and a liability. Read the Cornell Article on Water Protection on our Partners Page under Site Planning.
  • Create an odor impact minimization plan
    Odor issues are a leading cause of facility closures. Understanding the sources of potential odors and designing processes for odor control and mitigation are critical to the success of the facility. See the webinar and Ohio EPA guide to Odor Control on our Partners Page for site planning. Listen to…
  • Permits and approvals
    Regulations regarding compost production vary from state to state; however, many of them follow related solid waste regulations. These regulations are designed to protect public health, safety and the environment and can be a significant part of a facility’s operating cost. Keep these factors in mind when applying for a…

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